User:Meibitobure/Flora and Fauna

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a LOT of info here[Kiwiwid | edit source]

Hi again. I don't know how to post this, but perhaps its useful to you. Its a list of flora and fauna on Nauru. I hope you can use it on the site.


PART 1: PLANTS OF NAURU

1.1 Indigenous and aboriginal introduction:

Nauruan/local name Vernacular Latin name/species name


Ini Coconut palm Cocos nucifera L. Nii (Kiribati or K) Niu (Tuvalu or T)

Reyenbangabanga sedge, marsh cypress Cyperus javanicus ritanin (K), mouku (T) Houtt

Ibugibugi, ibiugbiugi Sedge, beach sedge Fimbrystylis cymosa R. Br uteute ni mane (K) . mouku (T)

Epo, epuh pandanus, screw pine Pandanus tectorius Warb. te kaina (K), fala (T) var. pulposus Warb. Ibugibugi, ibiugibiugi crab grass, slender crab grass Digitaria setigera te uteute (K), Rot.

Ibugibugi, ibiugibiugi bunchgrass, beach bunchgrass Lepturus repens (Forst. f.) te uteute (K), mouku (N) R. Br. var. subulatus

............................ .................................... Stenotaphrum micrantha (Des.) Hubb.

Damagmag, damogmog Polynesian arrowroot Tacca leontopetaloides makemake (K), (L.) O. Kuntze masoa, vatia (T)

Dagimadere Polynesian vi apple Spondias dulcis Egigu’s tree Polynesian plum Park.

Dereiongo, dereiyongo sea mango Cerbera manghas L.

Eorara, eoerara Ochrosia elliptica Labill.

Eongo, eoongo, sea trumpet Cordia ubcordata eowongo kanawa (K) subcordata Lam. kanava (T), kou (Hawaii)

Irin beach heliotrope Tournefortia ren (K), tausunu (T) argentea L. f.

Ekabobwiya, oceanic caper Capparis cordifolia ekabobwija Lam.

Iyo, ijo beach mahogany Calophyllum itai (K), fetau (T), tomano (H)inophyllum L.

Eteto, etetah beach almond, tropical almond Terminalia catapa kunikun (K), talie, te ipe (T) L.

Erekogo wild moon flower Ipomoea ruku (K), fue (T) macrantha R&S

Erekogo, irekogo beach morning glory Ipomoea ruku (K), fue (T) pescaprae L.

Emai beach surge Euphorbia te tarai (K), teluna (T) chamissionis (Kl & Gke.) Boiss.

Eoemangemang Phyllanthus societatis ewemangemang, eoemangmang

Dugienae, dogienae beach nicker, gray nicker Caesalpinia nicker bean bonduc Roxb.

Erekogo, irekogo Mauna Loa bean (H) Canavalia kitoko (K), saketa(T) cathartica Thou.

Erekogo sea bean, bay bean Canavalia rosea kitoko (K) (Sw.) DC.

............... beach derris root Derris trifolia beach poison vine Lour.

Yora, yoreh coral tree. dadap Erythrina variegata var. orientalis (L.) Merr.

Erekogo beach pea Vigna marina kitoko (K), saketa (T) (Burma.) Merr.

Eijinut pua (Polynesian) Fagraea berteroana pua kenikeni (H) A. Gray ex Benth.

Emet, emed, emit salt bush Scaevola sericea mao (K), gasu, gahu (T) Vahl.

Etiu, yetiu, etsiw lantern tree Hernandia nymphaeifolia nimareburebu (K) Kabutzki bingibing (K), puka (T) (Presl.). puka vaka (T)

Denuwanini, denuwenini devil twine, Cassytha filiformis eduwinini beach dodder L. ntanini (K), fetai (T)

Kwenbabai, kwenababai fish poison tree, barringtonia Barringtonia asiatica eijinut bareati (K), futu (T) (L.) Kurz

Inen, ekaura Abutilon asiaticum (L.) Sweet var. supravirde Fosb.

Ekwane beach hibiscus, hibiscus tree Hibiscus tiliaceus L. kiaiai, rao (K), fou, fau (T) hau (H)

Ekaura, idibin ekaura ilima (Hawaii) Sida fallax Walp. te kaura (K)

Itira, itirya milo (H), bingibingi (K) Thespesia populnea (L.) milo (T) Sol. ex Correa

Deme breadfruit Artocarpus altilis (Park.) te mai (K), mei T) Fosb.

Damenkamor Marianas breadfruit Artocarpus mariannensis te mai koraa (K), Trec. matua mei (T)

Eaeo, eyayo, yayo native banyan Ficus prolixa Fosb. f. var. carolinensis (Warb.) Forsb.

Yangis, yanggys, yangits pisonia Pisonia grandis R. Brown te buka (K), puka (T) syns. P. alba Span.

Ewongup soapbush, hoop withe Colubrina asiatica (L.) Brongn.

Etum, etam brown mangrove Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) te tongo, te tongo buangui (K) Lam. f syns. Rhizophora gymnorrhiza L; R. conjugata L.; B. gymnorhiza Savingny; B. rheedi Bl.; B. eriopeata W. & Arno.; B. conjugata (L.) Merr.

Enga, enguh Aidia cochinensis Lour.

Iut, Yut guettarda Guettarda speciosa L. uri (K), pua, puapua, uli (T)

Deneno beach mulberry, Morinda citrifolia L. Indian mulberry, non (K) var. citrifolia; syn M. indica L. nonu (T)

Eteweo, eteweau native hop bush Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq. sysns. Ptelea viscosa L.

Gie, gie cool (T) Suriana maritima L.

Ikiau, ikiow, igiau beach burr Triumfetta procumbens Forst. kiaou (K), tolotolo (T) f.

Luna, aluna, pakisikisi (T) Laportea ruderalis (Forst. f.) Chew

Eamwiye, eamwije, eyamwiye beach privet Clerodendrum inerme L. eyamwwije inato (K), inato (T) var. oceanicum A. Gray

Idibiner, idibinerr premna Premna serratifolia L. te ango (K), aloalo, valovalo (T)

Dagaidu, dogaidu blue vitex Vitex negundo L. te kaitu? (K) var. bicolor (Willd.) H.J. Lam; syns V. trifolia L. var. bicolor (Lam.) Mold.


1.2 Pre War 1 & 2 Introductions


Nauruan/local name Vernacular Latin name

Detaro taro, dasheen Colocasia esculenta taororo (K), talo (T) L.

Dababai giant swamp taro Cyrtoosperma te babai (K), pulaka (T) chamissionis (Schott) Merr.

.............. fruit salad plnat, taro vine Monstera deliciosa Liebm.

Detaro tannia, cocoyam, American taro Xanthosoma te taororo (K), taro Palagi (T) sagittifolium (L.) Schott

.............. pineapple, bainaboro (K) Ananas cosmosus (L.) fara, painapolo (T) Merrill

Ibugibugi nut sedge, nut grass Cyperus rotundus L. te uteute (K), mouku (T)

Yjam yam, greater yam, winged yam Dioscorea alata L.

Yjam lesser yam, sweet yam, Goa yam Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) Burkill

.......... sisal hemp, malina Agave rigida Mill. te robu (K)

Eanit shallot, onion Allium ascalonicum L. te anian (K), ts’ung (Chinese)

Eanit green onion, spring onion, Allium fistulosum L. anian (K), Japanese bunching onion ts’ung (Chinese)

Agalik garlic Allium sativum L. suen, suen t’au (C) kaariki (K)

........ Chinese chives Allium tuberosum sai ts’ung Rottler ex. Spregle

Dagiebu, dagibu Crinum lily, Queen Emma lily Crinum augustum kiebu (K) Roxb.

Dagiebu, dagibu ............. Crinum macrantherum Engl.

Dabanana banana, robusta, poyo, Mons Marie Musa (AAA group) te banana (K), fuamaoluga (T) syns. M. sapientum L.; M. paradisiaca L. var. sapientum (L.) Kuntze; M. paradisiaca L. spp. sapientum (L.) Kuntze; M. acuminata Colla cvs

Dabanana Lady’s finger banana Musa (AAB group) te banana, te oraora (K), Simmonds tamatamailima, inisi (T)

Dabanana cooking banana, plantain Musa (ABB group) te banana umum (K), pata (T) Simmonds

Ebarabaratu, embarabaraba common bamboo, feathery bamboo Bambusa vulgaris kaibaba (K) Schrad. ex Wendl.

Eakung, iyakong burgrass, sand burr Cenchrus echinatus L. kateketeke (K), mouku tala (T)

Keung ginger Zingiber officinale Roscoe

Ma si han (C) spiny amaranth, thorny amaranth Amaranthus spinosus L.

.............. Joseph’s coat, pigweed Amaranthus tricolor Chinese spinach, te mota (K) L. in ts’oi

Damanko mango te mango (K) mago (T) Mangifera indica L.

Dawatsip soursop Annona muricata L. --- custard apple, bullock’s heart Annona reticulata L. Dawatsip nemeana (T) Annona squamosa L. Denea periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle, te buraroti (K), losa (T), Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don syns.Vinca rosea L., Lochnera rosea (L.) Reichenb. --- oleander, te orian (K) Nerium oleander L. var oleander Demeria, Arabaneit frangipani, plumeria, temple tree, graveyard tree, te meria (K), melia, pua Fiti, melia Nauru (T), Plumeria rubra L. syns. P. acuminata Ait. f. and P. acutifolia Poir. --- panax, te mamara (K?), lautagitagi (T) Polyscias fruticosa (L.) Harms syns. Panax fruitcosum L., Nothopanax fruticosus (L.) Miq. --- panax, hedge panax, te toara (K), lautagitagi (T) Polyscias guilfoylei (Cogn. & March.) Bailey syns. Aralia guilfoylei Cong. & March.; Nothopanax guilfoylei (Cogn. & March.)Merr. Dupaimdupaim, dupaimdupwaim milkweed, butterfly weed, red cotton bush, bloodflower, Asclepias curassavica L. bwiyat tsige, bwiyat ziege goat weed, ageratum Ageratum conyzoides L. --- wild daisy, coat buttons Tridax procumbens L. --- iron weed Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less. syns. V. parviflora Reinw. ex Bl.; V. cinerea var. parviflora (Reinw. ex Bl.); Conyza cinerea L. duwoduwo kapok tree, silk-cotton tree Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. syns. Bombax pentandrum L.; Eriodendron anfractuosum DC.; Ceiba casearia Medic.; Bombax orientale Spreng. --- Chinese kale, kai laan ts’oi (C) Brassica alboglabra Bailey. syns. B. oleracea var. albiflora O. Kunze; B. oleracea var alboglabra (Bailey) Musil. --- Chinese cabbage, Chinese white cabbage, te kabiti n Tiaina (K), kapisi Saina (T) Brassica chinensis L. var chinensis. syns. B. chinensis Juslenius --- flowering white cabbage, paak ts’oi sum (C), te kabiti n Tiaina (K) Brassica chinesis L. var parachinensis (Bailey) Tsen and Lee syns. B. parachinensis Bailey; B. chinensis var oleifera Makino --- mustard cabbage, Indian mustard, Chinese mustard, kai ts’oi (C), te kabiti n Tiaina Brassica juncea (L) Czern. syns. Sinapis juncea L. --- English cabbage, te kabiti ni Imatang (K), kapisi Palagi (T) Brassica oleracea L. var capitata L. --- white radish, daikon, Chinese, Japanese or Oriental radish, loh paak (C) Rhaphanus sativus L. var longipinnatus Bailey dababaia, dababaiya papaya, pawpaw, te mwemweara, te babaia (K), olesi (T). Carica papaya L. tanenbaum (German for Christmas tree) casuarina, she oak, ironwood, beefwood, te katurina, te burukam (K), toa (T). Casuarina equisetifolia L. syns. C. litorea L. Lorenzo water spinach, swamp cabbage, water convolvulus, ung ts’oi (C), cangcong (F) Ipomoea aquatica Forsk. syns. I. reptans Poir. Convolvulus reptans L.; I. repens Roth --- sweet potato, kumara, te kumara (K), kumala (T), fan shue (C). Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. syns. Convolvulus batatas L. --- air plant, miracle plant, life plant, te ang (K). Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers syns. Cotyledon pinnatum Lam.; Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz; B. calycinum Salisb. --- wax gourd, ash pumpkin, winter melon, white gourd, tung kwa(C). Benicasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn. syns. B. cerifera (Fisch.) Savi; Curcurbita hispida Thunb.; C. cerifera Fisch. -- water melon, te meren (K), meleni (T) Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Tan. var. caffrorum (Alef.) Fosb. syns. Citrullus vulgaris var. caffrorum Alef.; C. vulgaris Schrad ex Eckl. & Zeyh. --- oriental pickling melon, ts’it kwa (C) Cucumis melo L. var. conomon Makino --- cucumber, te kukamba (K), kukampa (T), tseng kwa, wong kwa (C) Cucumis sativus L. dabamakin pumpkin, field pumpkin, summer squash, marrow, te baukin, te bamakin, te bangke (K), panikeni (T) Cucurbita pepo L. --- angled loofah, vegetable sponge, ridge gourd, dish-cloth gourd, sze kwa (C), Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb. syns. Cucumis acutangukus L. --- smooth loofah, wild vegetable sponge, scrubber gourd, dish-cloth gourd, Luffa cylindrica (L.) Roem. var. insularum (A. Gray) Cogn. syns. Momordica cylindrica L.; M. luffa L.; Luffa aegyptica Mill.; L. insularum A. Gray. --- bitter gourd, bitter melon, balsam apple, fu kwa (C); ampalaya (P) Momordica charantia L. Kayser bush copper leaf, Jacob’s coat, beefsteak plant, fire dragon plant, te aronga (K), kalakalaapuki, kakarapus, ogoogo, lakau kula (T). Acalypha amentacea Roxb. var. wilkesiana (Muell.-Arg.) Fosb. f. wilkesiana syns. A. wilkesiana Muell.-Arg. Eomonon (Burges, 1933) leaf-flower of the Pacific islands, snow bush Breynia disticha .J.R & G. Forst var. disticha forma nivosa (W.G. Smith) Croizat. syns. B. nivosa (Bull) Small; Phyllanthus nivosus Bull. --- croton, codiaeum. Codiaeum variegatum (L.) Bl. syns. Croton variegatum L.; Phyllaurea variegata (L.) Wight in Safford; P. codiaeum Lour. Deriba, Deribeh painted leaf, Mexican fire plant, hypocrite plant, wild poinsettia, Christmas bush, dwarf poinsettia, te kabekau (K). Euphorbia cyathophora Murr. syns. E. heterophylla L. var. cyathophora (Murr.) Griseb.; Poinsettia cyathophora (Murr.) Kl. & Gke. --- garden spurge, asthma plant, hairy spurge, old blood, te tarai, te tarai Kutaie (Kusaie, Kosrae) (K). Euphorbia hirta L. syns. E. pilulifera L.; Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp. --- prostrate spurge, te tarai (K) Euphorbia prostrata Ait. syns. Chamaesyce prostrata (Ait.) Small --- cassava, manioc, tapioca, te tabioka (K), tapioka, kasava (T) Manihot esculenta Crantz syns. M. utilissima. Pohl.; M manihot (L.) Karst.; Jatropha manihot L. Debena sweet acacia, West Indian blackhorn, cassie flower, klu (Hawaii), katin (B), te bakoa, te kai bakoa (K) Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. syns. Mimosa farnesiana L.; Vachellia farnesiana (L.) W. & A. bin (bean) red-bead tree, false wiliwili (Hawaii), lopa (T) Adenanthera pavonina L.

--- alysicarpus, one-leaved clover Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC. syns. Hedysarum vaginale L.; A. nummularifolius (L.) DC. --- pigeon pea, red gram, arhar dhal (Hindi) Cajanus cajan (Mill.) Millsp. syns. C. indicus Spreng.; C. flavus DC.; Cajan cajan (L.) Millsp.; Cystisus cajan L. --- Jack bean, horse bean Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC.

Tan braua (sunflower) coffe senna, arsenic bean, te katia? (K). Cassia occidentalis L. syns. Senna occidentalis (L.) Link. --- centro Centrosoma pubescens Benth --- chick pea, garbanzo bean, Indian gram, common gram, chana (Hindi) Cicer arietinum L. --- cluster bean, guar (Hindi) Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub. syns. C. psoraloides (Lam.) DC.; Psoralea tetragonoloba L.; Dolichos psoraloides Lam. bin (bean), red tree poinciana, royal poinciana, flame tree, flamboyant, flame of the forest, te tua (K), fuatausaga (T) Delonix regia (Bojer) Raf. bin (bean) leucaena, koa haole (Hawaii), lead tree, wild tamarind, te kai te tua (K). Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit. syns. L. glauca (L. ex Willd) Benth.; Mimosa leucocephala Lam.; Mimosa glauca sensu L.; Acacia leucocephala (Lam.) Link bin (bean) long bean, yard-long bean, snake bean, asparagus bean, asparagus pea, te bin (bean) (K), tau kok (C) Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. ssp. sesquipedalis (L.) Verdc. syns. V. sesquipedalis (L.) Fruw.; Dolichos sesquipedalis L.; Vigna sinensis (L.) Endl. ex. Hassk. var. sesquipedalis (L.) Koern. Dementsi basil, sweet basil, te marou (K), mili (T). Ocimum basilicum L. Demere? sacred basil, tulsi (Hindi), te marou (K), Ocimum sanctum L. syns. O. tenuiflorum L. Duwoduwo sea-island cotton, cotton, te baubau (K) Gossypium barbadense L. syns. G. brasiliense Macf.; G. peruvianum Cav. Dorot (the rose) hibiscus, red hibiscus, te roti (the rose) (K), aute (T) Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. Gadong, Gadung Indian lilac, China berry, Persian lilac, pride of India Melia azedarach L. --- jakfruit, jackfruit, te mai rekereke (K) Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. syns. A. integrifolia sensu L. f.; A. integer sensu (Thunb.)Merr. Rimone jasmine, Arabian jasmine, pikake (Hawaii), te bitati (K), pitasi (T), sampagita (P) Jasminum sambac (L.) Ait. syns. Nyctanthes sambac L. --- yellow wood-sorrel, creeping wood-sorrel Oxalis corniculata L. syn. O repens Thunb. Oatamo, Watamo stinking passion flower, loe-in-a-mist, te biku (K). Passiflora foetida L. var. hispida (DC.) Killip syn. P. hispida DC. ex Triana & Planch --- portucala, purslane, pigface. Portulaca grandiflora Hook. Debois, Doboiy pig weed, purslane, wild purslane, te boi (K), katuli (T) Portulaca oleracea L. Derem, Deraim lime, te raim (K), laim,, tipolo (T), Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle syn. Limonia aurantifolia Christm. --- lemon, te remen,, te remon (K), moli, laim (T), Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. syns. C. medica var. limon L.; C. limonum Risso; C. limonia Osbeck Epeba tabasco, bird chilli, perennial chilli, te beneka (K), tili, polo feuu (T) Capsicum frutescens L. syn. C. minimum Roxb. --- tobacco, te kaibake (K) Nicotiana tabacum L. Watamo, oatamo cape gooseberry, bladderberry, ground cherry, te baraki (K), pini (T). Physalis angulata L. --- tomato, te tomato (K), tomato (T) Solanum lycopersicum L. var. lycopersicum (L.) syns. Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.; L. lycopersicum (L.) Karst. Magiroa lantana, te kai buaka (K), kaipuaka (T) Lantana camara L. var. aculeata (L.) Mold. Edidubai, Edidubaiy Jamaica vervain, blue rat’s tail, te uti (lice) (K), Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl. syns. Verbena amaicensis L.; Stachytarpheta indica (L.) Vahl Edidubai, Edidubaiy blue rat’s tail, false verbena, te uti (lice) (K), Stachytarpheta urticaefolia Sims syn. Cymburus urticaefolius Salisb.


1.3 Recent Introduction

“Boston fern” Nephrolepis exaltata (L.) Schott syn. Polypodium exaltatum L.

“sword brake” Pteris ensiformis Burm.f.

“Norfolk Island pine” Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco; syn. A. exelsa (Lamb.) R. Br.


“cycad”, “sago palm” Cycas circinalis L. te bam (K); laupama, syn. C. rumphii Miq; laukimoa (T) C. seemannii (A.Br.) Shuster; C. undulata Desf.

“aglaonema” Aglaonema commutatum Schott

“aglaonema” Aglaonema costatum N.E.Br.

“aglaonema” Aglaonema marantifolium Bl.

“Chinese evergreen” Aglaonema cv. “pseudobracteata” “aglaonema”

“Chinese taro” Alocasia cucullata (Lour.) G. Don syn. Arum cuucullatum Lour.

Alocasia lowii Hook f.

“giant taro”, elephant ears Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) Schott kabe (K); taamu (T) syns. Arum macrorrhizon L.; Alocasia indica (Roxb.) Spach; Colocasia gigantea Hook. f.; Colocasia macrorrhiza (L.) Schott

“alocasia”, “kris plant” Alocasia sanderina Bull.

“Amazonica” Alocasia cv.

“anthurium” Anthurium andraeanum Lind.

“artist’s pallet”, “caladium” Caladium bicolor (Ait.) Vent syn. Arum bicolor Ait.

“dumb cane” Dieffenbachia leonii Hort.

“dumb cane” Dieffenbachia maculata (Lodd.) Bunt.; syn. D. picta Schott

“dumb cane” Dieffenbachia seguine (Jacq.) Schott

“taro vine”, “pothos aureus” Epipremnum aureum (Lin. ex Andre); syns. Rhaphidophora aurea (Lind. ex Andre) Birds.; Scindapsus aureus (Lind. ex Andre) Engl.; Pothos aureus Lind. ex Andre; Epipremnum oinnatum cv. aureum

“philodendron” Philodendron hastatum C. Koch & Sellow

“philodendron” Philodendron scandens C. Koch & Sellow ssp. oxicardium (Schott) Bunt. syn. P. oxycardium Schott

“silver vine” Scindapsus pictus Hassk. var argyraeus (Engl. in DC.) Engl.

“spathiphyllum”; “white sails” Spathiphyllum cv. Clevelandii

“syngonium” Syngonium angustatum Schott; syn. S. podophyllum sensu Souder non Schott

Xanthosoma lindenii (Andre) Engl.

“fishtail palm”, wine palm” Caryota urens L. “toddy palm”

“golden cane pam”, golden fruited” Chrysalidocarpus palm” lutescens H. Wendl

“Chinese fan palm”, Livistonia chinensis “fountain palm” ( Jacq.) R. Br.; syn. Latania chnensis Jacq.

“date palm” Phoenix sp.

dabam te bam (K) Pritchardia pacifica Seem & Wendl.; syn. Eupritchardia pacifica (Seem & Wedl.) O. Ktze

dabam royal pam Roystonea elata (Bartr.) Harper; syn. Palma slata Bartr.; Roystonea regia (HBK.) O.F. Cook; Oreodoxa regia HBK.

Nidularium innocenti Lem.

Spanish moss, Florida moss, Tillandsia usneoides L. long moss

vriesia Vriesia sp.

Indian shot, canna Canna indica L.

blue ginger Dichorisandra thyrisiflora Mikan

tradescantia, oyster plant, Rhoeo spathacea (Sw.) Moses in a boat Stearn.; syns. Tradescantia spathacea Sw.; T. doscolor L. ‘Her.; R. discolor (L’Her.) Hance.

purple tradescantia, purple heart Setcreasia purpurea B. K. Boom

wandering Jew Tradescantia fluminensis Vell.

purple wandering Jew Zebrina pendula Schnizl. a umbrella plant, umbrella sedge Cyperus lternifolius L.

sedge Cyperus compressus L.

sedge Cyperus iria L.

papyrus, Egyptian paper Cyperus papyrus

sedge Eleocharis ochrostachys Steud.

gladiolus Gladiolus sp.

iris Iris sp.

tiger flower Tigrida pavonina (L.f.) Ker-Gawl.

African lily, lily of the Nile Agapanthus africanus (L.) Hoffmannsegg

century plant, malina Agave americana L.

bulb onion, common onion Allium cepa L. te anian (K) (T).

leek Allium porrum L.

garlic, suen, suen t’au (C) Allium sativum L.

chives Allium schoenoprasum L.

asparagus fern, Sprenger Asparagus aethiopicus L. asparagus syns. A. densiflorus (Kunth) Jessup; A. sprengeri Reg.

asparagus fern Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessup; syns. Asparagopsis setacea Kunth; Asparagus plumosus Baker

spider plant, ribbon plant, Chlorophytum capense bracker plant (L.) Voss; syns. C. comosum (Thunb.) Jacq.; C. elatum R. Br.

codyline, ti-plant (H), Cordyline fruticosa (L). A te rauti (K), ti (T) Chev.; syns. Convallaria fruticosa L.; Cordyline terminalis (L.) Kunth; Taetsia fruticosa (L.) Merr.; T. terminalis (L.) W.F. Wight

dagiebu, dagibu spider lily, crinum lily, Crinum asiaticum L. te kiebu (K), tapua, talotalo (T) syns. C. pedunculatum R. grand crinum Br.; C. procerum Bak.

veld lily Crinum moorei Hook. f.

dracaena Dracaena deremensis (Engler) N.E. Br.

dracaena, dragon flower, pleomele Dracaena fragrans (L) Ker-Gawl.; syns. Alectris fragrans L.; Pleomele fragrans (L.) Salisb.

dracaena, ribbon plant Dracaena sanderiana Sander (Sander) N.E. Br.

Mauritius hemp Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw. syns. F. gigantea Vent.; Agave foetida L.

climbing lily, gloriosa, glory lily Gloriosa superba L.

Barbados lily, amaryllis Hippaestrum puniceum (Lam.) Urban; syns. Amaryllyis punicea Lam.; Hippaestrum equestre (Ait.) Herb.; Amaryllis equesstris Ait.

plantain lily, funkia Hosta plantaginea (Lam.) Asch.

lili spider lily Hymennocallis littoralis te ruru ni mane (K), lili (T) (Jacq.) Salib.; syn. Pancratium littorale Jacq.

climbing lily Littonia modesta Hook

daffodil, narcissus Narcissus sp. golden lily of the valley, Sandersonia aurantiaca Chinese lanterns Hook. f.

bowstring hemp, Sansevieria trifasciata mother-in-law’s tongues Prain

Jacobean lily, Aztec lily Sprekelia formosissima (L.) Herb.

yucca, Spanish bayonet Yucca gloriosa L.

zephyr flower, white star of Zephyranthes candida Bethlehem westwind flower, (Lindl.) Herb. stormy lily

pink lady, susana (T) Zephyranthes rosea Lindl. syn. Atamosco rosea (Lindl.) Green

calathea Calathea ornata (Lem.) Koern.; syns. C. insignis Bull; C. lanceolata Boom

calathea, rattkesnake plant Calathea wiotiana Makoy syns. C. insignis Bull.; C. lanceolata Boom

calathea Calathea zebrina (Sims) Lindl.; syn. Maranta zebrina Sims

ctenanthe, bamburanta Ctenanthe lubbersiana (Morr.) Eichl.

ctenanthe, never-never plant Ctenanthe oppenheimiana (Morr.) K. Schum.

maranta, prayer plant, rabbit tracks Maranta leuconeura Morr.

cattleya orchid Cattleya sp.

dendrobium orchid Dendrobium undulatum R. Br.

dendrobium orchid Dendrobium sp.

Malayan ground orchid Spathoglottis plicata Bl.

vanda orchid Vanda teres Lindl.

vanda orchid Vanda sp.

variegated pandanus Pandunus sanderi Hort. ex Masters

andropogon Andropogon sp.

gian reed Arundo donax L.

eakung, iyakong Brown’s burgrass, Cenchrus brownii R. & S. Braown’s sandbur syn. C. virdis Spreng.

finger grass Chloris inflata Link. syn. C. barbata sensu suct. non (L.) Sw.

needle grass, seed grass Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.; syns. Andropogon aciculatus Retz.; Rhaphis aciculatus (Retz.) Desv.

ibugibugi Bermuda grass, uteute (K), Cynodon dactylon (L.) mouku (T) Pers.

four finger grass, beach wire grass Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Beauv.; syns. Cynosurus aegypatius L.; D. aegyptiacum (L.) Willd. (orth. mut.); Eleusine aegyptiaca (L.) Desf.

Dactyloctenium cteniodes (Steud.) Besser?

blue grass Dichanthium sp.

crab grass, large crab grass Digitaria bicornis (Lam.) R. & S.; syn. Panicum bicorne Lam.

crab grass, large crab grass Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koel.; syns. Panicum ciliare Retz.; Digitaria adscendes (HBK) Hner.; Syntherisma ciliaris (Retz.) Schrader

smooth crab grass, violet crab grass Digitaria violascens Link. syns. argyrostachya (Steud.) Fern.

jungle rice Echinochloa colonum (L.) Link.; syns. Panicum colonum L.; Oplishmenus colonum (L.) HBK.

ibugibugi, ibiugibiug, bahibahi love grass, Japanese lovegrass Eragrostis amabilis (L.) te uteute n aine (K), mouku (T) Wight & Arn. ex Hook. & Arn.; syns. Poa amabilis L.; E. tenella (L.) Beauv. ex. R. & S.

basket grass Oplismenus hirtellus (L.) Beauv. var.; syns. Panicum hirtellus (L.); Orthpogon imbecillus R. Br.; Oplismenus imbecillus (R. Br.) R. & S.; O. undulatifolius (Ard.) Beauv.

Panicum subquadriparum Trin.; syn. Brachiaria subquadripara

Indian dropseed Sporobolus diander (Retz.) Beauv.; syn. Agrostis diander Retz.

Natal grass, Natal red Tricholaena rosea Nees syns. Rhynchelytrum roseum (Nees) Staph & Hubb.; R. repens sensu auct. non (Willd.) Hubb.; T. repens (Willd.) Hitchc.

water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. & Zucc.) Solms-Laub.; syns. Pontederia crassipes Mart. & Zucc.; Eichhrnia spceciosa Kunth.

hanging heliconia, Heliconia collinsiana R.F. Griggs; fish-pole heliconia syn. H. pendula Wawra

lobster claw Heliconia humilis (Aubl.) Jacq.; syn. Musa humilis Aubl.

heliconia Heliconia psittacorum L.

heliconia Heliconia sp.

red ginger Alpinia purpurata (Vieill.) K. Schum.; syns. Guillainia purpurata Vieill.; Languas purpurata (Vieill.) Kaneh.

shell ginger Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Burt & R.M. Smith.; syns. Costus zerumbet Pers.; A. nutans (Andr.) Roascoe; A. speciosa (Wendl.) K. Schum.; Catimbium speciosum (Wendl.) Holttum.

white ginger Hedychium coronarium Koen.

torch ginger Nicolaia elatior (Jack) Horan.; syns. Alpinia elatior Jack; Phaeomeria speciosa (Bl.) Koord; P. magnifica (Roscoe) K. Schum

wild ginger Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Sm.; syn. Amomum zerumber L.

asystasia, Chinese violet Asystasia ganggetica (L.) Anders.; syns. Justicia gangetica L.; A. coromandeliana Nees

Phillipine violet, Barleria cristata L. bluebell barleria

porcupine flower Barleria prionitis L.

Blechum brownei Juss.; syns. Barleria pyramiddatum Lam.; Barleria pyramidalis Lam. Ex Blechum pyramidatum (Lam.) Urb.

crossandra Crossandra infundibuliformis (L.) Nees syns. Justicia infundibuliformis L.; Crossandra undulaefolia Salisb.

blue eranthemum Eranthemum pulchellum Andr. syns. Justicia nervosa Vahl; E. nervosum (Vahl). R.Br.

snail palnt, nerve palnt Fittonia argyroneura Coem. Silver-netl eaf syn. F. Verschffeltii var. Argyroneura nichols.

Snail plant, nerve plant, Fittonia verschaffeltii (hort. ex painted-net leaf Lemaire coem. var. verschaffeltii

caricature plant, morado Graptophyllum pictum (L.) Griff. Syns. Justicia picta L.; Graptophyllum hortense Nees

cemetry plant Hemigraphis alternata (Burma. F.) T. Anders.; syns. Ruellia alternata Burm. F.; Hawthorn. Colorata (Bl.) Hall f.; Ruellia colorata Bl.

Red shrimp plant, Justicia fulvicoma Schlect. & Chamisso shrimp plant syns. Beloperone guttata Brand. Non Wallich; Justicia brandegeana Wassh. & L. Brisbane. Smith; Drejerella guttata (Brandeg.) Bremek.

White shrimp plant, Nicoteba betonica (L.) Lindau; squirrel plant syn. Justicia betonica L.

Odonoterma, red justicia Odontonema strictum (Nees) O. Ktze.; syns. O. tubiforme (Bertol.) O. Ktze.; Justicia tubaeformis Bertol.; Thrysacanthus strictus Nees in DC; O. nitidum (Jacq.) O. Ktze.; Justicia coccinea Aubl.(?)

Yellow shrimp plant Pachystachys lutea Nees

Pseuderanthemum bicolor (Schrank) Radlk. Syn. Eranthemum bicolor Schrank

false eranthemum, iaro (K) Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guill. Var. Carruthersii; syns. Eranthemum carruthersii Seem.; E. eldorado Hort.; Peldorato (Williams) Radlk.

Purpple false eranthemum Pseuderranthemum carruthersii false face, te iaro (K), (Seem) Guill. var. Atropurpureum Lakauuli (T) (Bulldogs) Fosb. syns. P. atropurpureum (Bulldogs) Radlk.; Eranteumum atropurpureum Bulldogs.; P. versicolor (Hort.) Radlk.; Eranthemum versicolor Hort.

Sanchezia Sanchezia speciosa Leonard; syn. S. nobilis sensu auct. Non Hook. F.

Black-eyed Susan Thunbergia alata Boje

bush thunbergia Thunbergia erecta (Benth.) T. Anders.; syn. Meyenia erecta Benth.

Bengal clock vine, Thunbergia grandiflora (Roxb. Ex Bengal trumpet (Rottler) Roxb.; syn. Flemingia grandiflora Roxb. Ex Rottler

joyweed, calico plant Alternathera ficoidea L. Var. Bettzickiana (Reg.) Backer; syns. Telanthera bettzickiana Reg.; A. Vericolor Reg.; Alternanthera bettzickiana (Reg.) Nichols.

Joyweed Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. R. & S.; syns. Comphrena sessilis L.; Alternanthera denticulata R. Br.; A. nodiflora R. Br.; A. amoena (Lem.) Voss

spleen amaranth Amaranthus dubius Mart. Ex Thell.

prince’s feather Amaranthus hypochondriacus L.; syn. A. hybridus L. Var. Hypochondriacus (L.) Robins.

Slender/gree amaranth, Amaranthus viridis L.; syn. A. pigweed Gracilis Desf.

cock’s comb Celosia argentea L. Var. Crista (L.) Ktze.; syn. C. Cristata L.

Globe amaranth Gomphrena globosa L. Pearly everlasting

				bloodleaf, achyranthes		Iresine herstii Hook. F.

Derangerang, derangirang Ylang-ylang, perfume tree Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook. F and Thoms.; syns Canangium odoratum (Lam.) Baill. Ex. King; Uvaria odorata Lam.

Parsley Apium petroselinum L.; syns. Petroselinum (L.) Karst.; P. crispum (Mill.) Mansf.

Coriander, cilantro, Coriandrum sativum L. Chinese parsley, dhania (Hindi), uen sai (C)

desert rose, mock azalea Adenium coetanum Stpf.; sun. A. obesum Balf.

Allamanda, cup of gold Allamanda hendersonii Bulldogs; syn. A. cathartica L. var. hendersonii (Bulldogs) Bailey and Raff.

Purple allamanda Allamanada violacea Gardn. and Field

demeria white frangipani, plumeria, Plumeria obtusa L. Te meria (K), melia, pua Solomona, melia Solomona (T)

false gardenia, paper gardenia, Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R. Br.; syns. Nerium divaricatum L.; N. coronarium Jacq.; T. coronaria (Jacq.) Willd.; Ervtamia divaricata (L.) Burkill; E. coronaria (Jacq.) Stapf; T. alternifolia L.; Nyctanthes acuminata Burm. F.

Be-still tree, yellow oleander Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K. Schum.; syns. Cerbera peruviana Pers.; C. thevetia L.; Thevetia nertifolia Juss. Ex Steud.; T. thevetia (L.) Millsp.

Holly Ilex sp.

Panax Polyscias balfouriana (Andre) Bailey

Panax Polyscias cumingiana (Presl) lautangitagi (T) Fern.Vil.; syns. Paratropia cumingiana Presl; Nothopanax cumingii Seem.; Aralia filicifolia C. Moore ex Forun.; Polycias filicifolia (Moore) Bailey

panax, te toara (K), lautgitagi (T) Polyscias scutellaria (Burm. F.) Fosb.; syns. Crassula scutellaria Burm. F.; P. pinnata J.R & G. Forst.; Nothopanax scutellaria (Burm. F.) Merr.

Panax Polyscias tricolor (Miq.) Fosb.; syn. P. pinnata Fosb. Cv. Tricochleata stone; Nothpanax tricochleatus Miq.

Queensland umbrella tree, Shefflera actinophylla (End.) octopus tree Harms; Brassaia actinophylla Endl.

Crown flower, giant milkweed Calotropis gigantea (L.) R. Te bumorimori (K) Br.; syn. Asclepias gigantea L.

Wax plant, wax flower Hoya carnosa (L.) R. Br.; syn. Ascepias carnosa L.

Kauen oe, kawen oe Cobbler’s beg, Spanish needle syns. Bidens alba (L.) DC.; syns. Coreopsis alba L.; C. leucanthema L.; C. leuantha L.; B. pilosa L. var. radiata sensu acut. non Sch.-Bip.; B. leucantha (L.) Willd.

Hairy horseweed Conyza bonariensis (L.) Cronq.; Erigeron bonariensis L.; E. crispus Pourr.; E. albidus (Willd. ex Spr.) A. Gray; Conyza albida Willd. ex Spr.

Dhalia Dhalia pinnata Cav.

Purple sow thistle, Emilia sonschifolia (L.) DC.; floras paintbrush syn. Cacalia sonchifolia L.

Transvaal daisy, gerbera, Gerbera jamesonii Bolus African daisy

purple passion flower, Gynura auranthiaca (Bl.) DC velvet plant

Syndrella, nodeweed Synedrella nodiflora (L.) Gaertn.; syn. Veresina nodiflora L.

Magrigold, Aztec marigold, Tagetes erecta L. African marigold

Wedelia Wedelia triobata (L.) Hitchc.; syn. Silphium trilobatum L.

Zinnia Zinnia elegans Jacq.

Balsam, garden balsam Impatiens balsamina L.

Snapweed, patience plant, Impatiens walleriana Hook. f.; Zanzibar balsam syn. I. sultanii Hook. f.

Indian spinach, Ceylon spinach, Basella rubra L. Shaan ts’oi (C) syn. B. alba L.

Angel-wing begonia Begonia coccinea Hook. f.

Hybrid bergonia Begonia rex Putz X B.spp.

Bergonia cultivars Begonia spp.

Jacaranda Jacaranda mimosaefolia D. Don; syns. J. acutifolia Humb. and Bonpl.; J. ovalifolia R. Br.

African tilip tree, flame tree, Spathodea campanulata Beauv. Fountain tree

yellow flower yellow bells, telecoma, Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. Ex HBK. Nei Karairai (K), neikarairai (T) syns. Bogina stans L.; Stenolobium stans (L.) D. Don

celery cabbage, pe-tsai, Brassica pekinensis (Lour.) Shantung cabbage, wong bok, Ruprecht; syns. B. chinensis var. Peking cabbage, wong pa’ak (C), pekinensis (Rupr.) Sun; B. pesai te kabiti n Tiaina (K) Bailey

Cephalocereus Cephalocereus sp.

night-blooming cereus Hylocereus undatus (Haw. Britt. and Rose

prickly pear cactus Opuntia sp.

Christmas cactus, Easter cactus, Schlumbergia truncata (Haw.) crab cactus Moran; syn. Zygocactus truncatus (Haw.) Schum.

Cleome rutidosperma DC.

Cleome viscosa L.; syns. C. scosandra L.; Polonisia icosandra (L.) W. & A.; P. viscosa (L.) DC.

Swiss chard, silverbeet, Beta vulgaris L. var. cycla L. leaf beet

spinach, poh ts’oi (C) Spinacea oleracea L.

Rangoon creeper Quisqualis indica L.

bush morning-glory Ipomoea fistulosa Mart. ex Choisy syn. I. crassicaulis (Benth.) Rob.

Ipomoea hederifolia L.; syn. I. angulata Lam.

Merremia quinquifolia (L.) Hall. f. Convolvulus quinquifolia L.

chandelier plant Kalanchoe tubiflora (Harvey) Harmet; syns. Bryophyllum tubiflorum Harvey; B. verticillata Scott-Elliot

cantaloupe, rock melon, Cucumis melo L. var. te meren (K); meleni (T); cantalupensis Naud heung kwa, t’im kwa (C) dabamakin pumpkin, winter squash, Cucrbita maxima Duch. autumn squash, te baukin (K), te bangke (K)

Azalea Rhododendron sp.

te aronga (K) Alcalypha amentacea Roxb. var. wilkesiana f. circinata (Muell.- Arg.) Fosb.; syns. A. wilkesiana Roxb. f. circinata Muell.-Arg.

cat’s tail, chenille plant, Acalypha hispida Burm. f. red-hot poker

cactus spurge, false cactus, Euphorbia antiquorum L. Malayan spurge tree

wild spurge Euphorbia geniculatus Ortega

wild spurge Euphorbia heterophylla L.; syn. Poinsettia heterophylla (L.) Klotzch & Garcke

spurge, graceful spurge Euphorbia hypericifolia L. te tarai (K) syn. Chamaesyce hypericifolia (L.) Millsp.

crown of thorns Euphorbia milii Ch. des Moul. var. splendens (Bojer) Ursch & Leandri; syn. E. splendens Bojer

poinsettia Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotszch; syn. Poinsettia pulcherrima (Willd.) R. Grah.

thyme-leafed spurge, dwarf spurge, Euphorbia rubicunda Blume; te tarai (K) syn. E. thymifolia sensu auct. non L.

pencil plant, pencil tree, milk bush, Euphorbia tirucalli L. naked lady, milk hedge

rose-colored jatropha, Jatropha integerrima Jacq.; red-flowered jatropha syns. J. hastata Jacq.; J. panduraefolia Andr.

gout stalk, coral plant Jatropha podagrica Hook

slipper flower, slipper spurge, Pedilanthus tithymaloises (L.) shoe spurge, zigzag plant, Poit.; syns. P. carinatus Spreng.; redbird cactus, ribbon cactus Euphorbia tithymaloides L.

sleeping plant, te kaimatu (K) Phyllanthus amarus Sch. & Th. syn. P. niruri L. sensu auct. plur. non L.

castor bean, castor oil plant Ricinus communis L.

Synadenium cupulare (Boiss.) Wheeler

pink bauhinia, orchid tree, Bauhinia monandra Kurz pink butterfly tree, St. Thomas tree

white bauhinia, orchid tree, Bauhinia variegata L. butterfly tree, purple orchid tree, mountain ebony

pride of Barbados, dwarf poinciana,Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Barbados flower fence Swartz; syn. Poinciana pulcherrima L.

calopogonium, calopo Calopgonium mucunoides Desv.

golden candelabra bush, Cassia alata L. Roman candle tree, candle bush, syn. Senna alata (L.) Roxb. ringworm bush

golden shower tree, Cassia fistula L. Indian laburnum, pudding-pipe tree, Cassia fistula L. te katia (K)

scrambled-egg tree Cassia glauca Lam. syns. C. sulfurea DC. ex Colladon; Senna sulfurea (DC. ex Colladon Irwin & Barneby

pink shower tree, horse cassia Cassia grandis L. f.

butterfly pea Clitorea ternatea L.

rattlepod Crotlaria goreensis Guitl. & Pres.

rattlepod Crotalaria retusa L.

rattlepod Crotalaria spectabilis Roth syn. C. sericea Retz.

Florida beggarweed Desmodium tortuosum (Sw.) DC; syns. D. purpureum (Mill.) Fawc. & Rendle; Hedysarum purpureum Mill.; H. tortuosum Sw.

tropical trefoil, three-flowered Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC; beggarweed syn. Hedysarum triflrorum L.

hyacinth bean, lablab bean, Dolichos lablab L. dolichos, bovanist bean, syns. D. purpureus L.; Lablab Egyptian bean, Indian bean, purpureus (L.) Swee; L. niger bataw or batani bean (Phl) Medik.; L. vulgaris Savi; L. cultratus DC.

variegated coral tree Erythrina variegata L. var. variegata

gliricidia , madre de cacao Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth ex (mother of cocoa), Walp.; syn. Robinia spium Jacq. Nicaragua cocoa shade

sarsaparilla Hardenbergia violacea (Schneer.) F.C. Stern

hirsute indigo Indigofera hirsuta L.

creeping indigo Indigofera spicata Forsk.; syns. I. hendecaphylla Jacq.; I. endocaphylla Jacq. ex Lam. (Sphalm?)

sensitive plant Mimosa pudica L. var. tetrandra (HBK ex Willd.) DC.; syn. M. tetrandra HBK ex Willd.

yellow poiciana, copperpod, Peltophorum pterocarpum (DC.) golden flamboyant, Backer ex Heyne; syns. P. inreme yellow flame tree (Roxb.) Naves; P. ferrugineum (Dcne.) Benth.; Inga pterocarpa DC.; Caesalpini inermis Roxb.; C. ferruginea Dcne.

rain tree, monkeypod tree Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr. syns. Albizia saman (Jacq.) F. v Mull.; Mimosa saman Jacq.; Enterolobium saman (Jacq.) Prain ex King; Pithecellobium saman (Jacq.) Benth.; Inga saman (Jacq.) Willd.

geranium, fish geranium Pelargonium x hortorum syn. P. hortorum Bailey

showy cloumn flower, columnea Columnea gloriosa Sprague

episcia, peacock plant Episcia cupreata (Hook.) Hanst. syn. Achimenes cupreata Hook.

African violet, Saintpaulia Saintpaulia ionantha Wendl.

Indian borage Coleus amboinicus Lour; syns. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng.; Coleus aromaticus Benth.

creeping coleus Coleus pumilus Blanco; syn. C. repens Gurke

mint, pepermint Mentha piperita L. syn. M. x piperita L. (M. aquatica L. spicata L.)

Swedish ivy, prostrate coleus Plectranthus oertendahlii Fries

painted nettle, coleus, Plectranthus scutellaroides (L.) painted leaf plant R. Br.; syns. Colues scutellaroides (L.) Benth. and C. blumei Benth.; Ocimum scutellarioides L.; Solenostemon scutellarioides (L.) Codd

avocado, avocado pear, Persea american Mill. alligator pear syn. Laurus persea L.; Persea gratissima Gaertn. f.

crape myrtle Lagerstroemia indica L.

Brazilian golden vine, golden cup Stigmaphyllon ciliatum (Lam.) orchid vine Juss.

bagnit Tristellateia australasiae Rich.

okra, gumbo, lady’s finger, Hibiscus esculentus L. bindi (Fiji Hindi) syn. Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench.

bush spinch, edible hibiscus, Hibiscus manihot L.; bush hibiscus spinach, mbele (F), syn. Abelmoschus manihot (L.) pele (Polynesian); nambere (K), Medik. pele (T), kabis, slippery kabis (SI)

dorot changeable rose mallow, Hibiscus mutabilis L. changeable rose, variable rose

dorot coral hibiscus, dragon flower Hibiscus schizopetalus (Mast. ) Hook. f.

hybrid hibiscus Hibiscus ornamental hybrid

false mallow Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke; syns. M. tricuspidatum A. Gray; Malva coromandeliana L.; Malva tricuspidata R. Br.

sleeping hibiscus, Turk’s cap Malvaviscus arboreus Cav. var. penduliflorus (Moc. & Sesse ex DC.) Schery; syns. M. penduliflorus Moc. & Sesse ex DC.; M. conzatti Greenm.; M grandiflorus Hort. non HBK

coffee bush spiny headed sida, brown weed, Sida acuta Burm. f.; syns. S. carpinifolia L.f.; S. glomerata Cav.

itsi (tea) broomweed, broom plant, Sida rhombifolia L. Cuba jute, coffee bush, Paddy’s lucerne

prickly sida Sida spinosa L. var. angustifolia (Lam.). Griseb.

santol (Phillipines) Sandoricum koetjape (Burm. f.) Merr.; syns. S. indicum Cav.; Melia koetjape (Burm. f.) Merr.

banyan, Indian banyan, Vada tree, Ficus benghalensis L. east Indian fig.

Indian rubber tree, rubber plant, Ficus elastica Roxb. Indian rubber fig.

debero Dyer’s fig, native fig, te bero (K), Ficus tinctoria Forst. f. var. felo (T) neo-ebudarum (Summerh.) Fosb.

hoarseradish tree, drumstick tree, Moringa oleifera Lam. saijan, seijan Hindi), syns. Guilandina moringa L.; M. malunggay (P) moringa (L). Millsp.; M. pterygosperma Gaertn.

eucalyptus, gum tree Eucalyptus sp.

allspice Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr.; syn. P. officinalis Lindl.; Myrtus pimenta L.; M. dioica L.

kuwawa guava, te kuwawa (K), kuava (T) Psidium guajava L.; syn. P. pomiferum L.

Malay apple, mountain apple, Syzygium malaccaense (L.) Merr. apolo solomon (T) and Perry; syns. Eugenia malaccensis L.; Carophyllus malaccensis (L.) Stokes; Jambosa malaccensis (L.) DC.

water lily Nymphaea sp.

tsita, tsitta bougainvillea, red bougainvillea, Bougainvillea glabra Choisy te akanta (K), akanta (T)

tsita, tsitta purple bougainvillea, te akanta (K) Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd.

teoua, teowa four-o’clock, marvel of Peru, Mirabilis jalapa L. te aoa-aua, te awaawa (K)

rimone jasmine, star jasmine Jasminum multiflorum (Bur,. f.) Andr.; syn. Nyctanthes multiflora Burm. f.; J. pubescens Willd.

swamp primrose, willow primrose, Ludwigia octavalvis (Jacq.) Raven te mam (K), titania (T) syns. Jussiaea suffruiticosa L.; Oenothera octavalvis Jacq.

belimbi Averrhoa belimbi L.

scarlet passion flower Passiflora coccinea Aubl.

passionfruit Passiflora edulis Sims

jade plant, baby rubber plant Peperomia obtusifolia (L.) A. Dietr.; syn. Piper obtusifolia L.

peperomia Peperomia pellucida (L.) HBK. syns. P. pelluciadum L.; P. lineata Miq. ex Yuncker

Polygala paniculata L.

Mexian creeper, mountain rose, Antigonon leptopus Hook. and confederate vine, chain of love, Arn. love vine, hearts on a chain, coral vine

sea grape Coccoloba uvifera (L.) Jacq.; syn. Polygonum uvifera L.

portulaca, purslane, pigface Portulaca grandiflora Hook.

debois, doboiy pig weed, purslane, Portulaca oleracea L. wild purslane, te boi (K), katuli (T)


queen of the prairies Filipendula rubra (J.Hill) B.L. Rob.

dorot rose, te roti (K) Rosa damascena Mill. damask rose

gardenia Gardenia augusta (L.) Merr. syns. Varneria augusta L.; Gardenia florida L.; G. jasminoides Ellis; G. radicans Thunb.

Tahitian gardenia, tiare Tahiti, Gardenia titensis DC. te tiare (K); tiale, siale (T)

Professor Pucci gardenia Gardenia sp.

Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam. syn. Oldlandia corymbosa L.

ixora, te katuru, te katiru (K), Ixora casei Hance suni (T) syns. I. duffii Baine; I. duffii T. Moore; I. carolinensis Hosok.; I. confertiflora Val. non Merr.; I. volkensii Hosok.; I. pulcherrina Volk.

ixora, flame of the woods Ixora coccinea L.; syn. I. fraseri Hort. ex Grant

red mussaenda Mussaenda erythrophylla Schum. and Thonn.

mussaenda Mussaenda frondosa L.; syn. M. cericea Bl.

red pentas, red star cluster Pentasi bussei K. Kr.

pentas, Lady Fletcher, Pentas lanceolata (Forsk.) K. Egyptian star cluster Schum.; syns. Ophiorrhiza lanceolata Forsk.; Pentas carnea Benth.

buttonweed Spermacoce assurgens R. & P. syns. S. suffrutescens Jacq.; Borreria laevis sensu auct. plur. non (Lam.) Griseb.

tangerine, mandarin orange Citrus reticulata Blanco; syns. C. deliciosa Ten.; C. nobilis Lour. var.

orange, sweet orange, Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck te aoranti (K) syn. C. aurantium var. sinensis L.

mock orange, orange jessamine, Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack.; orange jasmine syns. Chalcas paniculata L.; Murraya exotica L.

laychee, lychee nut Nephelium litchi Cam.; syn. Litchi chiensis Sonn.

star apple, cainito Chrysophyllum cainito L.

mother of millions, roving soldier, Saifraga sarmentosum L. f.; mother of thousands, syn. S. stolonifera ??authority strawberry gerranium

angelonia, monkey face Angelonia angustifolia Benth.; syns. A. gardenia auct. non Hook.; A. salicariaefolia auct. non H.& B.

angelonia Angelonia biflora Benth.

Bacopa procumbens (Mill.) Greenm.; syns. Erinua procumbens Mill.; Herpestris chamaedryoides HBK.; Caopa chamaedryoides (HBK.) Wettst.

dokaibangi, dugaibangi, firecracker flower, coral plant, Russelia equisetiformis Schect. dogaibwangi te kaibaun (K) and Cham.; syn. R. juncea Zucc.

Russelia sarmentosa Jacq.

Scoparia dulcis L.

epeba chilli pepper, red pepper, Capsicum annuum L. var. annuum te beneka (K), tili, polo feuu (T)

bell pepper, sweet pepper, Capsicum annuum L. var. sweet capsicum, paprika, pimento grossum (L.) Dendtn.; syns. C. grossum L.; C. dulce Hort. ex Dun.

night cestrum, lady of the night, Cestrum nocturnum L. ngiht flowering cestrum, night blooming jasmine, fafine (T)

daturaa, cornucopia, jimson weed Datura metel L.; syn. D. fastuosa L.

watamo, oatamo ground cherry, bubble fruit, Physalis lagascae R. & S.; wild cape gooseberry, pini (T), syn. P. minima L. te baraki (K)

egg plant, aubergine, brinjal Solanum melongena L.

potato, Irish potato Solanum tuberosum L.

waltheria Wlatheria indica L.; syn.s W. americana L.; W. elliptica Cav.

bin Panama cherry, Panama berry Muntingia calabura L.

creeping herb Pellionia sp.

aluminium plant Pilea cardieri Gagn. and Guill.

artillery plant Pilea microphylla (L.) Liebm.; syns. Parietaria microphylla L.; Pilea mucosa Lindl.

creeping Charlie Pilea mummularifolia (Sw.) Wedd.

pagoda flower Clerodendrum paniculatum L.

bleeding heart Clerodendrum thomsonae Balf. f.

golden dewdrops, golden eardrops Duranta repens L.; syns. D. erecta L.; D. plumieri Jacq.

cloth of gold lantana Lantana camara L. var. “drap d’or”

cissus Cissus sp.

grape Vitis vinifera L.




Part 2: FISHES OF NAURU

2.1: VERTBRATES (Finsfish)

Nauruan/local name Vernacular Latin Name

apwe dusky jack Caranx sexfasciatus

apwe black jack Caranx lugubris

debagommaroa long-tail ray Himantura sp.

degabouwa great barracuda Sphyraena barracuda

degoriria tawny shark Ginglymostoma ferrugineum

degomat black-spotted boxfish Ostracion cubicus

deiboe surgeonfish Acanthurus mata

deiboe yellowfin surgeonfish Acanthurus xanthopterus

dereba yellow-spotted surgeonfish Acanthurus aliala

dereba red-spotted surgeonfish Acanthurus sp.

dorangarang yellowstripe goatfish Mulloides flavolineatus

dorangarang Samoan goatfish Mulloidichthys samoensis

doruwa lowly trevally Caranx ignobilis

eabangingab long-jawed squirrelfish Sargocentron spiniferum

eae skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis

eaeo Gilbert's cravelly Carangoides gilberti

eaeo yellow-spotted trevally Carangoides orthogrammus

eaeo golden trevally Gnathanodon speciosus

eaeokwor oilfish Ruvettus pretiosis

eaiar silvery mullet Neomyxus chaptalli

eanape orange rock-cod Epinephelus truncatis

eanape freckled rock-cod Cephalopholis coatesi

eanurum, irum red snapper, two-spot Lutjanus bohar red bass

eaor sea mullet Mugil cephalus

eaor bluetail/bluespot Valamugil seheli mullet

eaouna yellowlip emperor Lethrinus xanthochilus

earamai blue-fronted parrotfish Callyodon cyanognathos

earata? scribbled leatherjacket Aluterus scriptus

earata yellow and blue-lined snapper Lutjanus kasmira

earata blue-lined snapper Lutjanus quinquelineatus

earo black-tipped grouper Epinephelus fasciatus

eaurur black-spotted grouper Epinephelus macrospilos

eaywiwi dolphin fish, mahimahi Coryphaena hippurus

ebawo ashen drummer Kyphosus cinerascens

ebawo kumo white-tipped shark Triaenodon apicalis

ebo white-tailed sqirrelfish Adioryx audimaculatus

ebo blue-lined squirrelfish Sargocentron tiere

edowedowa mackerel tuna Ethynnus affinis

egow wahoo Acanthocybium solandri

egop hammerhead shark Sphyrna lewini

egarokoa silver squirrelfish Holocentrus microstomus

eimar black-tipped shark Carcharhinus longimanus

ekadawea barred garfish Hemirhamphus far

ekadawea longbill garfish Rynchorhampus georgi

ekiakuo yellow-tail mullet Liza vaigiensis

ema smooth flutemouth Fistularia petimba

emorr flying fish Cheilopogon spp.

emorr flying fish Cypselurus simus

emorr flying fish Cypselurus spp.

emwan big-eye squirrelfish Myripristis amaenus

emwan big-scale soldierfish Myripristis berndti

emwan violet squirrelfish Holocentrus violaceus

emwan fleshy squirrelfish Holotrachys lima

eokong rabbit-faced spinefoot Siganus rostratus

eokwoy rainbow runner Elegatis bipinnulatis

erenai lunar-tailed cod Variola louti

etaro dark-finned barracuda Sphyraena genie

etom peacock rock-cod Cephalopolis argus

eweo convict surgeonfish Acanthurus triostegus

eyongco scorpion cod Pterois antennata iamit (yamit) moray eels Gymnothorax spp.

ianen black-tipped rock cod Epinephelus fasciatus

ianit coral cod Cephalopholis miniatus

ianit rock cod Cephalopholis spp.

ibiya milkfish Chanos chanos

iyubur shortbill spearfish Tetraptulus brevirostris

iebo Port Fraslin squirrelfish Myripristis pralinius

ierangue black-tipped shark Carcharhinus spallanzi

ieru snake mackerel Gempylus serpens

ikuri mackerel scad Decapterus pinnulatis

ikuri round scad Decapterus macrosoma

iniame red-tail snapper Lutjanus fulvus

iniame black-spot sea-perch Lutjanus viflamma

iniame tebo, humpback red snapper, Lutjanus spp.

agen tebo paddletail Lutjanus gibbus

ipwo leatherjacket Cantherhines dumerili

iquri bigeye scad Selar crumenophthalmus

irer orangespine unicornfish Naso lituratus

iriname sailfish (pink) Istiophorus ius

iriname? sailfish Istiophorus platypterus

itsibab albacore tuna Thunnus alalunga

itsibab yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares

itsibab bigeye tuna Thunnus obesus

itsibab dogtooth tuna Gymnosarda unicolor

ituwabu onespot snapper Lutjanus monostigma

iubur black marlin Istiompax (Makaira) indicus


iubwiya striped bristletooth Ctenochaetus striatus surgeonfish

iudud hawkfish Cirhites pinnulatis

iuiuj long tom, choram Tylosurus crocodilus longtom

iwiji blue-lined surgeonfish Acanthurus lineatus

iwuro white-lined rockcod Anyperodon leucogrammicus

iwuro orange rock-cod Epinephelus hexagonatus

iwuro rock-cod Epinephelus melanostigma

iwuro honeycomb rock cod Epinephelus merra

iwuro greasy cod Epinephelus tauvina

iyibawo topsail drummer Kyphosus cinerascens

kawudo marbled rock-cod Epinephelus microdon

kawudo red-spotted coral cod Plectropomus leopardus

kimago blue-banded angelfish Pygoplites diacanthus

kiyoyo long-horned unicornfish Naso herrei

kumum green triggerfish Pseudobalistes flavimarginatus

kwidada bluefin trevally Caranx melampygus

ngope reef stonefish Synanceja verrucosa

ngope weedy stingfish Scorpaenopsis cirrhosus

tareb red jobfish Aphareus rutilans

yab ereber surf surgeonfish, Acanthurus guttatus spotted surgeonfish


2.2: INVERTEBRATES (Non-finfish)

Nauruan name Vernacular name Latin name

Corals Blue coral Heliopora corrulea Coral Acropora spp. Coral Fungia scutaria Coral Porites spp. Organ pipe coral Tubipora spp. Fire coral Millepora spp. Soft coral Xenia elongata

Sponges

Shells emorri turbo shell Turbo setosus horned shell Strombus gibberulus

Crabs

eadum coconut crab Birgus latro hermit crab Planaxes sulctus land crab Cardisoma carnifex swimmer crab Thalamita crenata red spot crab Capilius maculatus rock crab Crapsus maculatus ghost crab Box crab Calappa spp. spotted poisonous crab Zozymus aeneus

Lobster

aom red lobster Panulirus versicolor whitish lobster P. penicillatus greenish-blue lobster P. ornatus

dark coloured lobster P. spp. pistol shrimp Alpheus spp.


Jellyfish

dobriet Sail jellyfish Vellela spp. Box jellyfish Chironex fleckeri Jellyfish Seypho medusa Portugese man-of war Physalia spp.

Starfish

Blue sea star Linkia laerigata crown of thorns Acanthaster plancii

Sea cucumber (Bech-de-mer)

dobirara Brown sand fish Bohadshia vitiensis white teatfish Holothuria fusgogilna tiger fish Bohadshia argus prickly redfish Theleanata ananas sandfish Holothuria scabra black teatfish Holothuria noblis lollyfish Holothuria atra surf redfish Actinopyrga mauritiana


PART 3: BIRDS OF NAURU

Indigenous bird species reported present in Nauru R = resident all year, but not necessarily breeding; M = migratory breeder, which breeds at the locality, but departs for the rest of the year; V = includes passage migrants as well as vagrants; W = winter resident; resident during the non-breeding season, from the bird's perspective, E = endemic; ? = unconfirmed record


Nauruan/local name Vernacular Latin Name Status

Audubon's shearwater Puffinus lherminieri V

Dedage white-tailed tropic bird Phaethon lepturus R

Dedage red-tailed tropic bird Phaethon rubricauda V

Gogora brown booby Sula leucogaster V

Itsi great frigatebird Fregata minor V

Itsi lesser frigate bird

Gogora Pacific reef heron Egretta sacra R

................... gray/black-bellied Pluvialis squatarola V

 			plover

Iwyiyi lesser golden plover Pluvialis dominica W

.................. Mongolian plover Charadrius mongolus V

................. great sand plover Charadrius leschenaultii V

................. wandering tattler Heteroscelus incanus W

................. Siberian/gray tailed Heteroscelus brevipes W tattler

Kiwoiy whimbrel Numenius phaeopus V

................ bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica W

Dugudubwa ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres W

Dugudubwa sharp-tailed sandpiper Calidris acuminata V

................. black-naped tern Sterna sumatrana R

................. sooty tern Sterna fuscata R

Doquae brown noddy Anous stolidus R

Demererik black noddy Anous minutus R

Dagigia common fairy tern Gygis alba R

Tope Micronesian pigeon Ducula oceanica R

Derikui long-tailed cuckoo Eudynamis taitensis W

............... sacred kingfisher Halcyon sancta ?

Itsirir Nauru reed wharbler Acrocephalus rehsei R(E)